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Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries 2008: Policies and Summary Statistics

image of Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries 2008: Policies and Summary Statistics

This publication describes major developments affecting fisheries in OECD countries in 2004, 2005 and 2006, including changes in national and international policies, trade, and fisheries and aquaculture production. This edition contains a special chapter on Foreign Direct Investment in OECD fisheries.

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Thailand

Most recent figures show the Thai marine catch to be 2.65 million mt in 2003, valued at USD 1.6 billion. 70% of this catch was sourced from the Gulf of Thailand while the Andaman Sea accounted for the remainder. The industry is characterized by both smallscale and large-scale or commercial fisheries. Demersal fish resources in coastal waters have been severely depleted and are mainly caught by otter-board trawls, pair trawls, beam trawls and push nets.

Several factors may have contributed to over-fishing, notably increasing human population, increased pressure from Thai trawlers who lost access to foreign fishing grounds after neighbouring countries declared EEZs, developments in processing techniques for turning low-priced demersal fish into human food, increasing numbers of animal feed plants that utilise trash fish, and trash fish itself. Trash fish is currently around 60% of the total trawl catch. Between 18% and 32% of trash fish are juveniles of commercially important fish species.

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