Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

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This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from

13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.

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Promotion of collective action and policy implications

This chapter examines government support for collective action involving diverse participants who are seeking to achieve various agri-environmental objectives. External help from public agencies or other interested bodies is important when barriers are high; nevertheless the benefits stemming from collective action outweigh the costs. This chapter first analyses collective action with and without government support. Secondly, collective action and policy measures are examined, followed by an analysis of the costeffectiveness of collective action measures. Lastly, the policy implications are set out.

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