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Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

image of Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from

13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.

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Japan case study

This chapter presents three collective action policies in Japan. The first two case studies are based in Shiga Prefecture; one seeks to preserve biodiversity associated with agriculture and the second to recycle water drained from agriculture. The third case study examines measures to conserve and improve land, water and the environment. The first payments are made to farmers who agree to increase the water level of drainage canals so that fish can swim up to paddy fields. The second policy aims to recycle drainage water from agriculture by means of contracts with irrigation districts, each representing a large number of farmers, to re-use drained water. The third policy is the most extensive agri-environmental policy in Japan to preserve agricultural resources and the environment. It works by enlisting hamlet-based local action groups to manage drainage facilities. Following a brief description of the case studies, the agrienvironmental public goods provided by collective action and the factors affecting outcomes in collective action are discussed, and a comparative analysis is undertaken.

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