Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

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This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from

13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.

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Italy case study

This chapter presents three Italian case studies: Custody of the territory in Tuscany, a community garden in Campania, and mountain pastures in Aosta Valley. The “Custody of the Territory” is a local project implemented by a local government agency which has an agreement with local farmers concerning environmental services to increase resilience to flooding, and to improve the landscape and hydro-geological management. The second case study focuses on a community garden in the Campania region, a collaborative green space converted from a degraded site into an eco-archaeological park. The third case study describes the collective management of mountain meadows and pastures in the Aosta Valley region, where regional support ensures the co-ordinated action of several stakeholders, maintains landscape and preserves biodiversity. Following a brief description of the case studies, the agri-environmental public goods provided by collective action, the factors affecting outcomes in collective action and the policy measures in support of collective action are discussed.

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