Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

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This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from

13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.

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Executive summary

Agriculture is a provider of food, feed, fibre, fuel and fun (e.g. agri-tourism) and, to a certain extent, public goods like landscape and biodiversity. However, agriculture can also have negative impacts on natural assets such as biodiversity and water quality. With the growing awareness of environmental issues, including loss of biodiversity and climate change, the provision of public goods and the reduction of negative externalities stemming from agriculture have become important policy issues.

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