Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

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This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from

13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.

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Canada case study

This chapter analyses two collective action cases in Canada: Group Environmental Farm Planning in Saskatchewan and the Beaver Hills Initiative in Alberta. In the first case, Saskatchewan producers act together to adopt Beneficial Management Practices (BMPs) by accessing risk assessment programmes that approach environmental protection collectively. The second case was launched in reaction to strong development pressures that threatened landscape and other environmental values. It involves various participants, who pool their knowledge and develop science-based strategies to preserve the area. Following a brief description of the case studies, the roles of participants, the factors affecting the outcome of collective action, and the role of government are discussed.

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