Policy Instruments to Support Green Growth in Agriculture

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This report synthesises the experience of OECD countries in developing and implementing policies, programmes and initiatives related to green growth in the agricultural sector, based primarily on material provided by governments. It discusses the overall approach that countries are taking towards establishing a green growth strategy in agriculture; the implementation of the OECD framework for monitoring progress towards green growth in agriculture; and the various policy instruments used.

A key conclusion is that, while most countries have some policies in place that relate to the concept of green growth, the degree of ambition shows considerable variation. A wide range of instruments and a variety of “policy mixes” are currently applied across OECD countries, with the majority of countries appearing to have strategic objectives covering a wide range of subjects related to green growth, particularly in the area of improving energy efficiency and reducing the carbon footprint of agriculture. A coherent overall policy framework that has clear objectives, sets R&D priorities, and policy measures that are targeted and implemented at the appropriate levels are essential to establish a comprehensive strategy for green growth in agriculture.

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Policies for improving productivity and resource efficiency in the context of green growth

Innovation, together with market-based incentives and appropriate regulation and taxation, can accelerate the transition to greener growth and help decouple environmental degradation from economic growth. New technologies realised through R and D have the potential to reduce the load of known toxins in agricultural production, substitute safer alternatives, protect ground or surface waters, conserve natural habitats, reduce nutrient loads in soils, lower gaseous nitrogen loss and reduce the amount of nonrenewable energy used in the cropping cycle. This chapter discusses policies for improving productivity and resource efficiency in the context of promoting green growth, paying particular attention to R and D, technology and innovations.

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