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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Israel 2010

image of OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Israel 2010

Israel’s agriculture is unique amongst developed countries in that land and water resources are nearly all state-owned and that agricultural production is dominated by co-operative communities. Israel is a world leader in agricultural technology, particularly in farming in arid conditions. This Review measures support provided to Israeli agriculture and evaluates the effectiveness of current agricultural policy measures. Israel has made progress in removing policies that distort trade, and resource allocation and support to agriculture is lower than the OECD average. However, the government still plays an important role. The report suggests further agricultural policy reforms to reduce costs for consumers and taxpayers and to improve the efficiency of current policy measures.

A special focus of the report is the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture. This is already an issue with scarce land and water resources, accentuated by the overarching issue of climate change. The Review examines agriculture’s performance with respect to water resources and pollution, soils, biodiversity, air emissions and climate change. It concludes that strengthening policy coherence, especially in improving the management of water resources in agriculture, is important.

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Synthèse et recommandations pour l'action publique

Cet Examen contient une évaluation des performances de l’agriculture israélienne sur les vingt dernières années et des réformes de la politique agricole du pays, ainsi que des recommandations concernant la poursuite du processus de réformes à l’avenir. Cette évaluation s’appuie sur les critères opérationnels définis par les ministres de l’Agriculture des pays de l’OCDE en 1998, selon lesquels, pour être satisfaisantes, les politiques agricoles sont censées être découplées, transparentes, ciblées, adaptées, flexibles et équitables. L’observation de ces critères devait aider le secteur à assurer sa viabilité économique au sein de l’économie dans son ensemble, à respecter l’environnement et les ressources naturelles, à utiliser les intrants rationnellement et à résoudre les problèmes sociaux, sans avoir recours à des subventions entraînant des distorsions de la production et des échanges.

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