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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

image of OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

This review assesses the performance of Colombian agriculture over the last two decades, evaluates Colombian agricultural policy reforms and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. The evaluation is based on the approach that agriculture policy should be evidence-based and carefully designed and implemented to support productivity, competitiveness and sustainability, while avoiding unnecessary distortions to production decisions and to trade. The report includes a special chapter focusing on agricultural innovation.

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The adoption of innovation

This chapter looks at the capacity and incentives for the adoption of innovation and highlights key challenges. It starts by providing an assessment of technical assistance services. Training and technical assistance are critical to facilitate farmers’ access to technology and knowledge and contribute to facilitate farmers’ effective participation in innovation networks and ability to formulate their specific demands. In Colombia, technical assistance services are fragmented and lack of a comprehensive framework that could ensure co-ordination of efforts, improve participation and exchanges of information. The chapter then considers the key issues relating to the level of education in the agricultural sector. As in many countries, agriculture-related sciences fail to attract students and enrolments are not commensurate with the importance of the sector for the economy. This does not seem to be linked to inadequate supply of courses and scholarships, but to the lower salaries below PhD level, and the insecurity experienced in rural areas.

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