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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

image of OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

This review assesses the performance of Colombian agriculture over the last two decades, evaluates Colombian agricultural policy reforms and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. The evaluation is based on the approach that agriculture policy should be evidence-based and carefully designed and implemented to support productivity, competitiveness and sustainability, while avoiding unnecessary distortions to production decisions and to trade. The report includes a special chapter focusing on agricultural innovation.

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Executive summary

Colombia is the fifth largest and the third most populous country in Latin America, with a surface of 1.1 million km2 and a population of 47 million people. The only South American country that borders both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, Colombia also has abundant agricultural land and fresh water, is exceptionally biodiverse and is rich in natural resources such as nickel, copper, iron, coal, natural gas, oil, gold, silver, platinum, and emeralds.

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