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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

image of OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

This review assesses the performance of Colombian agriculture over the last two decades, evaluates Colombian agricultural policy reforms and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. The evaluation is based on the approach that agriculture policy should be evidence-based and carefully designed and implemented to support productivity, competitiveness and sustainability, while avoiding unnecessary distortions to production decisions and to trade. The report includes a special chapter focusing on agricultural innovation.

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Colombia's agricultural domestic and trade policies

This chapter discusses in detail domestic and trade agricultural policy measures in Colombia since 1990. It first provides an overview of programmes and budgetary allocations in the agricultural sector. The majority of programmes cover very broad and different areas and are implemented through a bundle of policy instruments, the impact of which can be difficult to measure and evaluate. A considerable share of the budgetary allocation is increasingly directed to input subsidies and payments based on output. Producer associations also implement MADR’s programmes aside their own programmes. General services provision in Colombia includes agricultural knowledge generation and transfer, inspection and control, infrastructure (including land restructuring), marketing and promotion. The chapter then analyses the evolution of agricultural trade policies. Tariffs applied in the agricultural sector have been much higher than in other sectors during the last two decades. In recent years however, Colombia has signed and enforced several FTAs with key trading partners, under which it has committed to gradually phase out a wide range of agricultural border measures.

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