OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

image of OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Colombia 2015

This review assesses the performance of Colombian agriculture over the last two decades, evaluates Colombian agricultural policy reforms and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. The evaluation is based on the approach that agriculture policy should be evidence-based and carefully designed and implemented to support productivity, competitiveness and sustainability, while avoiding unnecessary distortions to production decisions and to trade. The report includes a special chapter focusing on agricultural innovation.

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Assessment and recommendations

This chapter presents the assessment and policy recommendations following from the analysis undertaken in the OECD Review of Agricultural Policies in Colombia. A key objective of Colombia’s government is to boost the agricultural sector as an engine of economic growth and international integration. However, the sector faces a wide series of structural and institutional challenges that hinder this objective. To achieve its agricultural sustainable growth objective and overcome pressing structural challenges, Colombia needs to strengthen policies that support long-term competitiveness. Government resources must be committed to removing the significant deficiencies in transport infrastructure, land tenure system, water and land management and infrastructure, plant and animal health and food safety systems, market information systems, education, and research and development. At the same time, institutional arrangements are weak at the departmental and municipality levels, calling for improvements in the governance and co-ordination of agricultural policy.



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