1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.34.2 - Whole milk powder projections: Consumption, food

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.34.2Whole milk powder projections: Consumption, food
A.34.2Whole milk powder projections: Consumption, food
  Calendar year
‌‌
CONSUMPTION (kt)
Growth (%) 3
FOOD (kg/cap)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
5 227
 
6 347
 
3.21
 
1.57
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
-0.05
 
0.60
 
NORTH AMERICA
53
 
50
 
3.73
 
0.57
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.83
 
-0.14
 
Canada
10
 
10
 
-7.06
 
-0.85
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
-8.01
 
-1.66
 
United States
42
 
40
 
9.58
 
0.97
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-12.55
 
0.26
 
LATIN AMERICA
1 442
 
1 857
 
0.98
 
1.78
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
-0.15
 
0.92
 
Argentina
84
 
113
 
0.15
 
1.23
 
1.9
 
2.3
 
-0.88
 
0.38
 
Brazil
638
 
822
 
2.66
 
2.01
 
3.1
 
3.7
 
1.73
 
1.40
 
Chile
72
 
80
 
-0.72
 
0.83
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
-1.60
 
0.16
 
Colombia
60
 
79
 
6.33
 
1.97
 
1.2
 
1.5
 
5.29
 
1.32
 
Mexico
244
 
261
 
1.32
 
0.77
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
-0.10
 
-0.29
 
Paraguay
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
EUROPE
455
 
553
 
2.62
 
1.40
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
2.51
 
1.42
 
European Union
345
 
429
 
3.67
 
1.80
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
3.50
 
1.75
 
Russia
71
 
84
 
0.32
 
-0.38
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
0.23
 
-0.21
 
Ukraine
4
 
3
 
-2.48
 
2.59
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-3.71
 
..
 
AFRICA
579
 
766
 
1.07
 
2.49
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
-1.50
 
0.09
 
Egypt
40
 
63
 
9.53
 
4.70
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
7.24
 
3.04
 
Ethiopia
1
 
1
 
-5.53
 
2.26
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Nigeria
87
 
119
 
-3.67
 
3.57
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
-6.20
 
1.00
 
South Africa
13
 
17
 
-1.35
 
2.01
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
-2.66
 
0.98
 
ASIA
2 650
 
3 075
 
5.59
 
1.30
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
4.49
 
0.56
 
China 1
1 859
 
2 177
 
6.64
 
1.11
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
6.08
 
0.91
 
India
4
 
5
 
35.99
 
3.00
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
121
 
152
 
4.23
 
1.99
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
2.95
 
1.08
 
Iran
1
 
1
 
-17.24
 
0.74
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Japan
11
 
13
 
-3.33
 
2.58
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-3.24
 
2.94
 
Kazakhstan
18
 
21
 
-0.32
 
1.44
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
-1.80
 
0.56
 
Korea
5
 
9
 
1.96
 
4.03
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
1.29
 
3.75
 
Malaysia
15
 
13
 
3.05
 
0.34
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
1.28
 
-0.87
 
Pakistan
3
 
4
 
-5.81
 
2.92
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Philippines
19
 
24
 
23.75
 
2.40
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
3.80
 
0.97
 
Saudi Arabia
100
 
108
 
7.12
 
2.25
 
3.1
 
2.8
 
4.25
 
0.79
 
Thailand
45
 
47
 
11.09
 
-0.10
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
10.63
 
-0.18
 
Turkey
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Viet Nam
15
 
9
 
-12.15
 
2.44
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
-8.78
 
..
 
OCEANIA
48
 
45
 
-1.18
 
0.86
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
-10.56
 
-0.39
 
Australia
25
 
19
 
-6.14
 
0.72
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
-7.53
 
-0.41
 
New Zealand
17
 
20
 
14.79
 
1.04
 
3.6
 
3.9
 
5.32
 
0.23
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
598
 
701
 
1.94
 
1.34
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
-0.53
 
1.05
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
4 629
 
5 645
 
3.39
 
1.60
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
1.98
 
0.47
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
164
 
216
 
1.82
 
3.29
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
-0.56
 
1.01
 
OECD 2
793
 
906
 
1.75
 
1.33
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
-1.38
 
0.93
 
BRICS
2 584
 
3 104
 
5.31
 
1.31
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
4.42
 
0.74
 
..
Not available
Note: Calendar year; except year ending 30 June for Australia and 31 May for New Zealand.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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