1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.23.2 - Sugar projections: Consumption, food

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.23.2Sugar projections: Consumption, food
A.23.2Sugar projections: Consumption, food
  Marketing year
‌‌
CONSUMPTION (kt)
Growth (%) 3
PER CAPITA (kg)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
167 118
 
197 870
 
1.66
 
1.48
 
22.3
 
23.7
 
0.47
 
0.51
 
NORTH AMERICA
11 416
 
12 871
 
1.16
 
1.07
 
31.8
 
33.2
 
0.38
 
0.35
 
Canada
1 175
 
1 263
 
-0.09
 
0.73
 
32.4
 
31.8
 
-1.11
 
-0.09
 
United States
10 241
 
11 608
 
1.31
 
1.11
 
31.8
 
33.4
 
0.56
 
0.40
 
LATIN AMERICA
26 660
 
29 906
 
0.04
 
1.07
 
41.8
 
42.6
 
-1.09
 
0.21
 
Argentina
1 658
 
1 983
 
0.23
 
1.69
 
37.8
 
41.1
 
-0.80
 
0.84
 
Brazil
11 038
 
11 952
 
-1.10
 
0.82
 
53.2
 
53.7
 
-1.99
 
0.22
 
Chile
780
 
879
 
1.23
 
1.02
 
43.6
 
45.5
 
0.33
 
0.35
 
Colombia
1 849
 
2 214
 
2.44
 
1.66
 
38.0
 
42.2
 
1.44
 
1.01
 
Mexico
4 462
 
4 997
 
0.30
 
1.03
 
35.0
 
34.7
 
-1.11
 
-0.04
 
Paraguay
134
 
157
 
1.58
 
1.38
 
20.0
 
20.6
 
0.24
 
0.25
 
EUROPE
27 113
 
26 830
 
0.29
 
-0.15
 
36.0
 
35.6
 
0.19
 
-0.14
 
European Union
18 502
 
17 910
 
0.60
 
-0.36
 
36.4
 
34.9
 
0.43
 
-0.41
 
Russia
5 713
 
6 011
 
0.18
 
0.48
 
39.7
 
42.4
 
0.10
 
0.65
 
Ukraine
1 639
 
1 639
 
-1.94
 
-0.21
 
36.9
 
39.1
 
-1.46
 
0.32
 
AFRICA
19 191
 
26 926
 
3.63
 
3.07
 
15.7
 
16.9
 
0.99
 
0.66
 
Egypt
3 508
 
4 739
 
3.89
 
2.65
 
36.7
 
41.3
 
1.72
 
1.02
 
Ethiopia
491
 
704
 
3.75
 
3.32
 
4.8
 
5.4
 
1.10
 
1.03
 
Nigeria
1 593
 
2 347
 
5.32
 
3.59
 
8.6
 
9.6
 
2.56
 
1.03
 
South Africa
1 931
 
2 189
 
1.32
 
1.09
 
34.5
 
34.8
 
-0.02
 
0.06
 
ASIA
81 254
 
99 681
 
2.37
 
1.75
 
18.2
 
20.5
 
1.31
 
1.01
 
China 1
16 145
 
20 234
 
2.38
 
1.90
 
11.5
 
14.0
 
1.84
 
1.70
 
India
24 717
 
31 124
 
1.94
 
1.99
 
18.7
 
21.1
 
0.69
 
1.01
 
Indonesia
6 622
 
8 343
 
4.06
 
1.93
 
25.4
 
28.8
 
2.77
 
1.02
 
Iran
2 492
 
2 652
 
0.99
 
0.51
 
31.0
 
30.3
 
-0.23
 
-0.23
 
Japan
2 108
 
2 039
 
-0.46
 
-0.35
 
16.5
 
16.5
 
-0.37
 
0.00
 
Kazakhstan
498
 
546
 
1.44
 
0.81
 
27.7
 
27.4
 
-0.06
 
-0.06
 
Korea
1 591
 
1 784
 
3.06
 
0.88
 
31.3
 
34.0
 
2.65
 
0.60
 
Malaysia
1 792
 
2 203
 
3.81
 
1.73
 
57.5
 
61.7
 
2.03
 
0.50
 
Pakistan
5 085
 
6 748
 
2.69
 
2.63
 
26.3
 
28.9
 
0.58
 
0.90
 
Philippines
2 203
 
2 850
 
2.59
 
2.39
 
21.3
 
23.6
 
0.94
 
0.97
 
Saudi Arabia
1 225
 
1 597
 
3.70
 
2.31
 
38.0
 
41.8
 
0.92
 
0.85
 
Thailand
2 965
 
3 142
 
3.03
 
0.43
 
43.1
 
45.1
 
2.60
 
0.35
 
Turkey
2 395
 
2 624
 
1.56
 
0.62
 
30.1
 
30.2
 
0.01
 
0.00
 
Viet Nam
1 561
 
1 960
 
5.03
 
1.89
 
16.5
 
18.8
 
3.89
 
1.01
 
OCEANIA
1 483
 
1 656
 
1.60
 
1.10
 
37.8
 
36.7
 
0.02
 
-0.15
 
Australia
1 163
 
1 294
 
1.73
 
1.05
 
48.2
 
47.2
 
0.22
 
-0.08
 
New Zealand
220
 
236
 
0.35
 
0.70
 
47.2
 
46.2
 
-0.72
 
-0.11
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
46 337
 
48 216
 
0.61
 
0.33
 
32.6
 
32.8
 
0.20
 
0.04
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
120 781
 
149 654
 
2.09
 
1.88
 
19.9
 
21.8
 
0.70
 
0.75
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
7 573
 
10 928
 
5.23
 
3.19
 
9.5
 
10.7
 
2.77
 
0.91
 
OECD 2
43 683
 
45 850
 
0.83
 
0.39
 
32.8
 
32.8
 
0.27
 
0.00
 
BRICS
59 545
 
71 511
 
1.24
 
1.60
 
19.0
 
21.4
 
0.39
 
1.03
 
Note: Marketing year: See Glossary of Terms for definitions.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Sugar data are expressed on a tel quel basis.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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