1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.33.2 - Skim milk powder projections: Consumption, food

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.33.2Skim milk powder projections: Consumption, food
A.33.2Skim milk powder projections: Consumption, food
  Calendar year
‌‌
CONSUMPTION (kt)
Growth (%) 3
FOOD (kg/cap)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
4 348
 
5 096
 
3.45
 
1.13
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
3.14
 
0.37
 
NORTH AMERICA
534
 
543
 
-0.82
 
0.01
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
-0.56
 
-0.64
 
Canada
64
 
77
 
-1.62
 
0.03
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
-9.16
 
0.54
 
United States
470
 
466
 
-0.71
 
0.00
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
0.08
 
-0.69
 
LATIN AMERICA
608
 
658
 
4.68
 
0.95
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
3.55
 
-0.02
 
Argentina
13
 
14
 
2.82
 
1.97
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
1.77
 
1.11
 
Brazil
176
 
205
 
3.82
 
1.50
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
2.74
 
0.64
 
Chile
38
 
48
 
13.60
 
1.61
 
2.1
 
2.5
 
12.60
 
0.94
 
Colombia
14
 
18
 
23.00
 
1.66
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
9.68
 
1.01
 
Mexico
291
 
288
 
4.79
 
0.64
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
3.31
 
-0.42
 
Paraguay
0
 
0
 
-13.44
 
1.12
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
EUROPE
1 096
 
1 219
 
3.06
 
-0.04
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
5.83
 
0.67
 
European Union
761
 
845
 
1.63
 
-0.14
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
5.29
 
0.83
 
Russia
204
 
220
 
11.77
 
-0.97
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
11.68
 
-0.81
 
Ukraine
78
 
103
 
-0.91
 
2.65
 
1.8
 
2.5
 
-0.42
 
3.19
 
AFRICA
369
 
478
 
4.34
 
2.63
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
1.68
 
0.23
 
Egypt
77
 
109
 
10.58
 
3.72
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
8.27
 
2.08
 
Ethiopia
0
 
0
 
-12.02
 
2.26
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Nigeria
48
 
65
 
7.19
 
2.55
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
4.38
 
0.01
 
South Africa
17
 
20
 
0.38
 
1.98
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
-0.96
 
0.95
 
ASIA
1 572
 
2 023
 
4.70
 
2.10
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
3.69
 
1.40
 
China 1
240
 
386
 
10.30
 
4.25
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
8.09
 
4.04
 
India
207
 
278
 
5.39
 
2.49
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
4.65
 
1.50
 
Indonesia
155
 
204
 
6.79
 
2.21
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
5.47
 
1.30
 
Iran
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Japan
162
 
152
 
-1.99
 
-0.58
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
-2.46
 
-0.13
 
Kazakhstan
19
 
25
 
7.67
 
1.22
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
6.07
 
0.34
 
Korea
32
 
37
 
3.52
 
-0.28
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
3.11
 
-0.55
 
Malaysia
103
 
115
 
4.05
 
1.49
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
2.26
 
0.26
 
Pakistan
44
 
62
 
22.85
 
3.46
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
10.73
 
1.72
 
Philippines
149
 
202
 
5.68
 
1.49
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
3.98
 
0.08
 
Saudi Arabia
48
 
57
 
8.02
 
2.00
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
5.13
 
0.55
 
Thailand
62
 
52
 
0.69
 
-0.57
 
0.9
 
0.7
 
0.27
 
-0.65
 
Turkey
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Viet Nam
44
 
68
 
1.86
 
4.17
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
0.75
 
3.27
 
OCEANIA
169
 
174
 
6.01
 
-0.37
 
4.3
 
3.9
 
4.36
 
-1.60
 
Australia
83
 
79
 
5.89
 
-1.77
 
3.4
 
2.9
 
4.33
 
-2.87
 
New Zealand
85
 
93
 
6.37
 
0.99
 
18.2
 
18.2
 
5.24
 
0.18
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
2 018
 
2 158
 
1.63
 
-0.05
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
2.84
 
0.08
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
2 331
 
2 938
 
5.30
 
2.08
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
3.90
 
0.95
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
99
 
141
 
10.61
 
2.85
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
2.49
 
0.58
 
OECD 2
2 039
 
2 143
 
1.47
 
0.01
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
2.48
 
0.04
 
BRICS
844
 
1 109
 
7.59
 
2.05
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
6.94
 
1.48
 
..
Not available
Note: Calendar year; except year ending 30 June for Australia and 31 May for New Zealand.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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