1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.45 - Roots and tubers projections: Production and food consumption

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.45Roots and tubers projections: Production and food consumption
A.45Roots and tubers projections: Production and food consumption
  Calendar year
‌‌
‌PRODUCTION (kt)‌
Growth (%) 3
FOOD CONSUMPTION (kg/cap)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
213 159
 
241 360
 
2.34
 
1.39
 
14.7
 
15.1
 
0.25
 
0.32
 
NORTH AMERICA
5 430
 
5 713
 
1.23
 
0.38
 
12.2
 
12.2
 
0.36
 
-0.61
 
Canada
910
 
943
 
-0.16
 
0.45
 
14.5
 
13.6
 
-0.18
 
-0.57
 
United States
4 520
 
4 770
 
1.53
 
0.36
 
11.9
 
12.0
 
0.44
 
-0.62
 
LATIN AMERICA
14 460
 
15 323
 
-0.21
 
0.75
 
12.1
 
12.0
 
-0.62
 
-0.06
 
Argentina
541
 
597
 
-1.25
 
0.69
 
9.4
 
9.3
 
-0.15
 
-0.06
 
Brazil
7 429
 
7 203
 
-2.05
 
0.05
 
14.3
 
13.4
 
-2.46
 
-0.65
 
Chile
243
 
282
 
2.07
 
1.58
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
1.64
 
0.08
 
Colombia
1 204
 
1 333
 
1.01
 
1.44
 
20.4
 
20.6
 
0.63
 
0.14
 
Mexico
409
 
448
 
0.97
 
0.83
 
3.1
 
3.1
 
-1.19
 
-0.13
 
Paraguay
954
 
1 094
 
3.92
 
1.59
 
46.2
 
44.3
 
1.31
 
-0.29
 
EUROPE
24 334
 
24 620
 
-0.33
 
0.11
 
17.1
 
16.4
 
-0.56
 
-0.44
 
European Union
11 554
 
10 824
 
-1.81
 
-0.65
 
14.5
 
13.0
 
-1.45
 
-0.98
 
Russia
6 686
 
7 043
 
2.54
 
0.23
 
23.9
 
25.1
 
1.02
 
0.18
 
Ukraine
4 304
 
4 821
 
1.28
 
1.32
 
26.2
 
30.5
 
0.97
 
1.66
 
AFRICA
79 497
 
96 000
 
4.17
 
2.22
 
32.5
 
32.2
 
0.29
 
0.20
 
Egypt
1 118
 
1 406
 
3.82
 
2.44
 
8.1
 
8.1
 
1.27
 
0.35
 
Ethiopia
2 243
 
3 037
 
6.60
 
3.39
 
18.6
 
19.8
 
3.29
 
1.10
 
Nigeria
32 780
 
39 271
 
5.63
 
1.93
 
69.5
 
70.3
 
1.84
 
0.31
 
South Africa
479
 
533
 
1.76
 
1.34
 
6.1
 
6.6
 
-0.26
 
0.99
 
ASIA
88 763
 
98 970
 
2.20
 
1.12
 
10.0
 
9.9
 
0.00
 
-0.01
 
China 1
40 822
 
43 017
 
1.51
 
0.36
 
15.2
 
15.1
 
-0.29
 
-0.05
 
India
11 472
 
13 170
 
1.90
 
1.66
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
0.11
 
0.43
 
Indonesia
7 984
 
8 767
 
0.80
 
1.38
 
17.0
 
17.1
 
0.64
 
0.02
 
Iran
1 021
 
1 151
 
1.94
 
1.40
 
10.7
 
10.3
 
1.09
 
-0.19
 
Japan
785
 
774
 
-1.14
 
-0.25
 
5.8
 
5.4
 
-2.23
 
-0.57
 
Kazakhstan
700
 
782
 
4.43
 
1.27
 
21.7
 
21.6
 
-0.16
 
0.12
 
Korea
199
 
229
 
-0.34
 
1.83
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
-2.83
 
1.04
 
Malaysia
35
 
39
 
8.69
 
1.33
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
3.42
 
-0.22
 
Pakistan
941
 
1 152
 
4.60
 
2.53
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
1.81
 
0.06
 
Philippines
1 011
 
1 132
 
3.09
 
1.31
 
9.4
 
8.8
 
1.20
 
-0.41
 
Saudi Arabia
101
 
112
 
1.29
 
1.60
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
9.41
 
1.00
 
Thailand
9 595
 
12 105
 
3.11
 
2.40
 
4.9
 
4.5
 
-1.28
 
-0.52
 
Turkey
940
 
1 042
 
0.65
 
1.36
 
8.9
 
7.9
 
-2.04
 
-0.97
 
Viet Nam
3 774
 
4 510
 
2.78
 
1.62
 
3.9
 
4.5
 
-0.07
 
1.74
 
OCEANIA
675
 
733
 
-0.20
 
1.06
 
12.4
 
11.3
 
-3.79
 
-0.76
 
Australia
235
 
249
 
-1.70
 
0.82
 
9.4
 
8.3
 
-3.56
 
-1.06
 
New Zealand
101
 
113
 
-0.95
 
0.64
 
9.9
 
9.9
 
-2.98
 
0.16
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
33 592
 
34 544
 
0.11
 
0.27
 
13.9
 
13.5
 
-0.50
 
-0.46
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
179 567
 
206 815
 
2.81
 
1.59
 
14.9
 
15.4
 
0.42
 
0.47
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
34 337
 
41 134
 
3.75
 
2.31
 
22.6
 
21.7
 
-0.58
 
-0.06
 
OECD 2
20 198
 
19 994
 
-0.78
 
-0.11
 
10.9
 
10.2
 
-1.08
 
-0.81
 
BRICS
66 888
 
70 965
 
1.21
 
0.55
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
-0.42
 
-0.11
 
Note: Calendar year.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Production and consumption are expressed on dry weight basis.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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