1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.40.2 - Ethanol projections: Share in volume terms and trade

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.40.2Ethanol projections: Share in volume terms and trade
A.40.2Ethanol projections: Share in volume terms and trade
  Calendar year
‌‌
SHARE IN GASOLINE TYPE FUEL USE (%)
IMPORTS (mln L)
Growth (%) 3
EXPORTS (mln L)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
..
 
..
 
9 397
 
9 679
 
0.28
 
9 038
 
9 396
 
0.29
 
NORTH AMERICA
..
 
..
 
2 274
 
2 910
 
1.57
 
5 084
 
4 623
 
-0.72
 
Canada
5.6
 
5.6
 
1 272
 
1 242
 
-0.64
 
77
 
86
 
-0.03
 
United States
9.6
 
11.3
 
1 002
 
1 668
 
3.47
 
5 007
 
4 537
 
-0.73
 
LATIN AMERICA
..
 
..
 
2 287
 
2 472
 
0.79
 
2 502
 
3 010
 
1.73
 
Argentina
10.0
 
12.1
 
8
 
19
 
-0.19
 
20
 
36
 
5.05
 
Brazil
46.6
 
49.6
 
1 062
 
1 210
 
2.13
 
1 801
 
2 145
 
2.38
 
Chile
..
 
..
 
35
 
36
 
0.00
 
0
 
0
 
0.00
 
Colombia
..
 
..
 
138
 
155
 
-1.84
 
0
 
0
 
0.13
 
Mexico
0.3
 
0.4
 
140
 
132
 
1.46
 
3
 
2
 
0.00
 
Paraguay
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
-2.97
 
5
 
3
 
17.24
 
EUROPE
..
 
..
 
1 268
 
818
 
-2.01
 
310
 
349
 
0.15
 
European Union
4.8
 
4.7
 
1 118
 
672
 
-2.40
 
203
 
219
 
0.23
 
Russia
..
 
..
 
2
 
4
 
0.00
 
96
 
119
 
0.01
 
Ukraine
..
 
..
 
4
 
10
 
0.00
 
4
 
7
 
0.00
 
AFRICA
..
 
..
 
285
 
333
 
0.00
 
290
 
381
 
0.00
 
Egypt
..
 
..
 
1
 
1
 
0.00
 
21
 
32
 
0.00
 
Ethiopia
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
25
 
74
 
0.00
 
Nigeria
..
 
..
 
160
 
154
 
0.00
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
3
 
4
 
0.00
 
213
 
229
 
0.00
 
ASIA
..
 
..
 
3 273
 
3 134
 
-0.54
 
779
 
939
 
1.22
 
China 1
2.0
 
2.0
 
489
 
47
 
0.71
 
70
 
149
 
0.01
 
India
..
 
..
 
331
 
584
 
-0.53
 
140
 
93
 
0.52
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
1
 
1
 
0.00
 
74
 
99
 
0.00
 
Iran
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
Japan
1.4
 
1.7
 
1 407
 
1 405
 
-0.84
 
1
 
2
 
-0.01
 
Kazakhstan
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
Korea
0.0
 
0.0
 
338
 
350
 
0.01
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
Malaysia
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
Pakistan
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
-0.07
 
432
 
485
 
1.16
 
Philippines
..
 
..
 
434
 
500
 
0.00
 
0
 
0
 
0.00
 
Saudi Arabia
..
 
..
 
41
 
36
 
0.00
 
2
 
3
 
0.00
 
Thailand
..
 
..
 
24
 
9
 
-11.87
 
21
 
50
 
11.63
 
Turkey
..
 
..
 
94
 
94
 
0.00
 
1
 
3
 
0.00
 
Viet Nam
..
 
..
 
9
 
5
 
-3.93
 
34
 
45
 
4.09
 
OCEANIA
..
 
..
 
10
 
12
 
0.02
 
74
 
93
 
-0.30
 
Australia
1.1
 
1.2
 
7
 
10
 
0.02
 
69
 
88
 
-0.32
 
New Zealand
..
 
..
 
2
 
1
 
0.00
 
5
 
4
 
0.00
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
..
 
..
 
4 986
 
5 168
 
0.25
 
5 681
 
5 296
 
-0.63
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
..
 
..
 
4 410
 
4 510
 
0.31
 
3 357
 
4 100
 
1.55
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
..
 
..
 
31
 
41
 
0.00
 
7
 
20
 
0.00
 
OECD 2
..
 
..
 
5 569
 
5 751
 
0.25
 
5 366
 
4 943
 
-0.67
 
BRICS
..
 
..
 
1 887
 
1 849
 
1.16
 
2 319
 
2 736
 
1.87
 
..
Not available
Note: Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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