1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.40.1 - Ethanol projections: Production and use

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.40.1Ethanol projections: Production and use
A.40.1Ethanol projections: Production and use
  Calendar year
‌‌
‌PRODUCTION (mln L)‌
Growth (%) 3
DOMESTIC USE
(mln L)
Growth (%) 3
FUEL USE (mln L)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
118 787
 
130 540
 
0.69
 
118 995
 
131 070
 
0.67
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
NORTH AMERICA
61 196
 
62 231
 
-0.12
 
58 207
 
60 669
 
-0.03
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Canada
1 825
 
1 796
 
-0.11
 
2 999
 
2 952
 
-0.34
 
2 770
 
2 621
 
-0.59
 
United States
59 371
 
60 435
 
-0.12
 
55 208
 
57 717
 
-0.01
 
53 549
 
56 091
 
-0.01
 
LATIN AMERICA
32 532
 
38 542
 
1.56
 
32 475
 
38 099
 
1.48
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Argentina
1 087
 
1 669
 
2.81
 
1 068
 
1 652
 
2.73
 
922
 
1 442
 
2.63
 
Brazil
28 326
 
32 722
 
1.46
 
27 753
 
31 883
 
1.40
 
26 047
 
30 098
 
1.42
 
Chile
9
 
23
 
11.08
 
43
 
59
 
3.19
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Colombia
465
 
606
 
2.34
 
603
 
761
 
1.34
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Mexico
213
 
246
 
-0.47
 
350
 
375
 
0.16
 
150
 
178
 
0.51
 
Paraguay
237
 
329
 
3.39
 
233
 
326
 
3.32
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
EUROPE
8 346
 
8 312
 
-0.40
 
9 336
 
8 780
 
-0.59
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
European Union
7 255
 
7 087
 
-0.58
 
8 204
 
7 539
 
-0.78
 
5 701
 
5 071
 
-1.14
 
Russia
582
 
573
 
-0.49
 
487
 
458
 
-0.62
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Ukraine
386
 
496
 
1.99
 
386
 
499
 
1.98
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
AFRICA
1 010
 
1 335
 
2.50
 
1 006
 
1 288
 
2.60
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Egypt
33
 
38
 
0.89
 
14
 
7
 
5.79
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Ethiopia
89
 
136
 
2.78
 
65
 
62
 
7.53
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Nigeria
17
 
57
 
8.77
 
177
 
211
 
1.74
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
South Africa
291
 
329
 
0.63
 
81
 
104
 
2.15
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ASIA
15 361
 
19 787
 
2.27
 
17 696
 
21 983
 
1.86
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
China 1
9 688
 
11 054
 
0.88
 
9 967
 
10 953
 
0.89
 
3 333
 
4 356
 
2.12
 
India
2 265
 
2 946
 
3.14
 
2 456
 
3 436
 
2.49
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
210
 
276
 
2.12
 
136
 
177
 
3.52
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Iran
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Japan
78
 
76
 
-0.11
 
1 469
 
1 480
 
-0.81
 
746
 
720
 
-1.59
 
Kazakhstan
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Korea
163
 
154
 
-0.06
 
497
 
504
 
-0.02
 
5
 
4
 
-1.67
 
Malaysia
0
 
0
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Pakistan
467
 
520
 
1.09
 
36
 
35
 
0.28
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Philippines
286
 
815
 
10.09
 
720
 
1 315
 
5.10
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Saudi Arabia
0
 
6
 
32.51
 
39
 
40
 
1.89
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Thailand
1 751
 
3 199
 
5.64
 
1 754
 
3 158
 
5.44
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Turkey
109
 
210
 
6.00
 
201
 
301
 
3.81
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Viet Nam
187
 
292
 
3.88
 
162
 
252
 
3.62
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OCEANIA
341
 
333
 
-1.59
 
275
 
251
 
-1.96
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Australia
333
 
323
 
-1.68
 
270
 
245
 
-2.06
 
198
 
175
 
-2.78
 
New Zealand
3
 
3
 
0.00
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
70 253
 
71 293
 
-0.15
 
69 394
 
71 317
 
-0.12
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
48 533
 
59 247
 
1.81
 
49 600
 
59 753
 
1.70
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
326
 
458
 
2.89
 
350
 
479
 
2.74
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD 2
69 400
 
70 405
 
-0.16
 
69 436
 
71 364
 
-0.12
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
BRICS
41 153
 
47 624
 
1.38
 
40 744
 
46 834
 
1.33
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
Not available
Note: Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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