1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.32.2 - Cheese projections: Consumption, food

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.32.2Cheese projections: Consumption, food
A.32.2Cheese projections: Consumption, food
  Calendar year
‌‌
CONSUMPTION (kt)
Growth (%) 3
FOOD (kg/cap)
Growth (%) 3
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
22 705
 
26 376
 
1.70
 
1.24
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
0.51
 
0.27
 
NORTH AMERICA
5 526
 
6 532
 
1.49
 
1.33
 
15.4
 
16.8
 
0.72
 
0.62
 
Canada
451
 
560
 
2.04
 
1.62
 
12.4
 
14.1
 
1.00
 
0.79
 
United States
5 075
 
5 971
 
1.45
 
1.31
 
15.8
 
17.2
 
0.70
 
0.60
 
LATIN AMERICA
2 591
 
3 132
 
3.14
 
1.84
 
4.1
 
4.5
 
1.98
 
0.98
 
Argentina
502
 
583
 
0.99
 
1.86
 
11.5
 
12.1
 
-0.04
 
1.00
 
Brazil
784
 
972
 
3.08
 
2.01
 
3.8
 
4.4
 
2.16
 
1.40
 
Chile
123
 
164
 
9.95
 
2.10
 
6.9
 
8.5
 
8.98
 
1.42
 
Colombia
61
 
75
 
1.33
 
1.87
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
0.33
 
1.22
 
Mexico
494
 
575
 
5.98
 
1.24
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
4.49
 
0.17
 
Paraguay
3
 
4
 
21.37
 
1.12
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
16.50
 
0.00
 
EUROPE
10 675
 
11 965
 
0.95
 
0.84
 
14.4
 
16.1
 
0.84
 
0.86
 
European Union
9 344
 
10 393
 
0.98
 
0.80
 
18.4
 
20.3
 
0.81
 
0.74
 
Russia
825
 
1 039
 
1.40
 
1.67
 
5.7
 
7.3
 
1.31
 
1.84
 
Ukraine
128
 
151
 
-4.19
 
1.50
 
2.9
 
3.6
 
-3.72
 
2.03
 
AFRICA
1 054
 
1 262
 
1.65
 
1.81
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
-0.93
 
-0.57
 
Egypt
607
 
705
 
2.03
 
1.51
 
6.4
 
6.1
 
-0.10
 
-0.10
 
Ethiopia
6
 
10
 
0.23
 
4.35
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-2.33
 
2.05
 
Nigeria
11
 
16
 
-6.09
 
3.53
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
-8.56
 
0.97
 
South Africa
47
 
53
 
-0.04
 
1.17
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
-1.37
 
0.15
 
ASIA
2 522
 
3 094
 
4.27
 
1.86
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
3.19
 
1.11
 
China 1
347
 
496
 
2.44
 
2.55
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
1.89
 
2.34
 
India
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
21
 
32
 
7.74
 
3.48
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
6.41
 
2.55
 
Iran
247
 
289
 
-0.94
 
1.80
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
-2.14
 
1.05
 
Japan
294
 
303
 
3.22
 
0.30
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
3.31
 
0.65
 
Kazakhstan
46
 
53
 
1.96
 
1.50
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
0.45
 
0.62
 
Korea
140
 
191
 
8.70
 
2.95
 
2.8
 
3.6
 
8.26
 
2.67
 
Malaysia
21
 
30
 
11.46
 
2.82
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
9.54
 
1.58
 
Pakistan
4
 
5
 
16.01
 
4.61
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Philippines
31
 
55
 
10.63
 
4.58
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
8.85
 
3.13
 
Saudi Arabia
238
 
310
 
30.78
 
2.39
 
7.4
 
8.1
 
27.28
 
0.93
 
Thailand
18
 
24
 
9.27
 
1.76
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
8.82
 
1.68
 
Turkey
166
 
198
 
2.69
 
2.00
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
1.12
 
1.38
 
Viet Nam
4
 
6
 
-1.06
 
4.56
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
OCEANIA
337
 
391
 
1.95
 
1.07
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
0.37
 
-0.18
 
Australia
285
 
330
 
1.73
 
1.06
 
11.8
 
12.0
 
0.22
 
-0.07
 
New Zealand
45
 
53
 
3.41
 
1.00
 
9.7
 
10.4
 
2.31
 
0.19
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
17 192
 
19 611
 
1.19
 
1.01
 
12.2
 
13.5
 
0.77
 
0.73
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
5 513
 
6 764
 
3.45
 
1.94
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
2.05
 
0.80
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
213
 
299
 
3.29
 
3.56
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.88
 
1.27
 
OECD 2
16 811
 
19 153
 
1.46
 
1.02
 
12.7
 
13.8
 
0.89
 
0.62
 
BRICS
2 004
 
2 560
 
2.12
 
1.95
 
0.6
 
0.8
 
1.26
 
1.39
 
..
Not available
Note: Calendar year; except year ending 30 June for Australia and 31 May for New Zealand.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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