OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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This chapter describes the market situation and highlights the latest set of quantitative medium-term projections for world and national biofuel markets for the ten-year period 2018-27. Given current policy developments and trends in diesel and gasoline demand, global ethanol production is expected to expand from 120 bln L in 2017 to 131 bln L by 2027, while global biodiesel production is projected to increase from 36 bln L in 2017 to 39 bln L by 2027. Advanced biofuels based on residues are not expected to take off over the projection period due to lack of investment in research and development. Trade in biofuels is projected to remain limited. Global biodiesel and ethanol prices are expected to decrease respectively by 14% and 8% in real terms over the next decade; however, the evolution of ethanol and biodiesel markets will continue to be shaped by policies and demand for transport fuel, which implies considerable uncertainty on these projections.

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