1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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From Chapter: Statistical Annex
.

Table A.26.1 - Beef and veal projections: Production and trade

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 - © OECD 2018

‌A.26.1Beef and veal projections: Production and trade
A.26.1Beef and veal projections: Production and trade
  Calendar year
‌‌
PRODUCTION (kt cwe) 3
Growth (%) 4
IMPORTS (kt cwe) 5
Growth (%) 4
EXPORTS (kt cwe) 5
Growth (%) 4
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
Average
2015-17est
‌2027‌
‌2008-17‌
‌2018-27‌
WORLD
68 486
 
79 292
 
0.66
 
1.08
 
8 722
 
10 392
 
3.59
 
1.61
 
9 034
 
10 853
 
3.15
 
1.47
 
NORTH AMERICA
12 308
 
14 262
 
-0.81
 
0.38
 
1 605
 
1 603
 
2.63
 
0.62
 
1 598
 
1 877
 
1.99
 
0.73
 
Canada
1 364
 
1 519
 
-2.18
 
0.87
 
190
 
195
 
-1.48
 
0.57
 
434
 
523
 
-1.35
 
1.08
 
United States
10 945
 
12 742
 
-0.62
 
0.32
 
1 416
 
1 409
 
3.33
 
0.62
 
1 164
 
1 354
 
3.53
 
0.60
 
LATIN AMERICA
18 010
 
21 280
 
0.74
 
1.31
 
704
 
890
 
-1.57
 
1.19
 
2 772
 
4 090
 
0.20
 
2.73
 
Argentina
2 723
 
3 379
 
-1.33
 
1.57
 
7
 
7
 
4.15
 
0.00
 
240
 
622
 
-7.95
 
6.08
 
Brazil
9 403
 
11 096
 
1.21
 
1.24
 
47
 
46
 
15.14
 
-0.55
 
1 428
 
2 356
 
-0.24
 
3.68
 
Chile
222
 
246
 
0.48
 
1.54
 
263
 
353
 
9.09
 
2.00
 
11
 
9
 
-2.31
 
-1.74
 
Colombia
834
 
943
 
-0.18
 
0.91
 
4
 
3
 
12.71
 
-3.65
 
13
 
1
 
-14.35
 
-29.33
 
Mexico
1 876
 
2 203
 
1.35
 
1.39
 
132
 
186
 
-7.79
 
0.69
 
183
 
218
 
24.30
 
0.96
 
Paraguay
604
 
739
 
3.97
 
1.81
 
3
 
3
 
12.00
 
0.18
 
354
 
375
 
7.42
 
0.56
 
EUROPE
10 785
 
10 693
 
-0.37
 
-0.08
 
949
 
850
 
-4.28
 
-0.82
 
401
 
397
 
4.00
 
-0.69
 
European Union
8 026
 
7 636
 
-0.27
 
-0.61
 
298
 
321
 
-1.20
 
0.19
 
240
 
226
 
7.07
 
-1.84
 
Russia
1 637
 
1 841
 
-0.82
 
1.60
 
552
 
423
 
-6.14
 
-1.73
 
11
 
12
 
-12.87
 
0.00
 
Ukraine
399
 
416
 
-1.73
 
1.08
 
2
 
3
 
-23.74
 
1.32
 
28
 
6
 
8.42
 
-11.84
 
AFRICA
6 185
 
7 715
 
1.39
 
2.34
 
666
 
895
 
2.91
 
3.09
 
130
 
109
 
14.82
 
1.97
 
Egypt
850
 
1 109
 
0.33
 
2.00
 
332
 
359
 
7.34
 
2.06
 
7
 
5
 
46.57
 
-0.29
 
Ethiopia
371
 
410
 
-0.67
 
1.52
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
..
 
0
 
0
 
0.31
 
-12.45
 
Nigeria
330
 
389
 
4.50
 
1.78
 
2
 
3
 
20.83
 
1.57
 
1
 
1
 
-12.83
 
-2.42
 
South Africa
918
 
1 105
 
3.12
 
3.09
 
25
 
40
 
14.55
 
-4.23
 
68
 
62
 
35.60
 
8.01
 
ASIA
17 952
 
21 726
 
2.03
 
1.54
 
4 744
 
6 094
 
7.88
 
2.14
 
1 900
 
1 927
 
12.13
 
-0.02
 
China 1
7 037
 
8 850
 
1.63
 
1.71
 
581
 
889
 
71.46
 
3.18
 
16
 
10
 
-22.90
 
-0.79
 
India
2 632
 
2 888
 
0.86
 
0.67
 
0
 
0
 
..
 
-0.01
 
1 668
 
1 733
 
13.60
 
0.11
 
Indonesia
386
 
365
 
3.38
 
0.04
 
135
 
267
 
7.55
 
3.79
 
0
 
0
 
-8.15
 
-0.29
 
Iran
193
 
235
 
-4.07
 
1.48
 
113
 
190
 
-3.67
 
3.86
 
4
 
4
 
28.83
 
-1.44
 
Japan
469
 
456
 
-1.28
 
-0.35
 
765
 
857
 
1.69
 
0.34
 
3
 
3
 
18.29
 
0.00
 
Kazakhstan
420
 
495
 
0.75
 
1.54
 
17
 
47
 
-9.10
 
8.18
 
0
 
0
 
5.25
 
-2.16
 
Korea
294
 
321
 
1.87
 
0.31
 
430
 
490
 
4.95
 
1.04
 
7
 
4
 
14.59
 
-5.44
 
Malaysia
23
 
27
 
8.43
 
0.65
 
206
 
250
 
5.31
 
2.54
 
11
 
7
 
5.60
 
-2.48
 
Pakistan
1 762
 
2 275
 
2.95
 
2.40
 
4
 
23
 
4.06
 
19.50
 
34
 
2
 
8.05
 
-28.29
 
Philippines
305
 
398
 
0.91
 
2.57
 
149
 
189
 
1.07
 
1.61
 
3
 
3
 
-2.86
 
-0.27
 
Saudi Arabia
57
 
72
 
11.67
 
1.36
 
142
 
145
 
2.58
 
1.03
 
30
 
28
 
5.41
 
-1.02
 
Thailand
245
 
292
 
-1.23
 
1.14
 
18
 
10
 
15.07
 
-2.81
 
40
 
48
 
17.95
 
2.89
 
Turkey
1 028
 
1 528
 
14.27
 
3.06
 
11
 
4
 
47.23
 
-5.05
 
12
 
19
 
16.22
 
5.76
 
Viet Nam
337
 
446
 
-0.82
 
2.47
 
926
 
1 237
 
22.87
 
2.57
 
0
 
0
 
-0.29
 
-0.20
 
OCEANIA
3 245
 
3 617
 
1.04
 
1.11
 
54
 
60
 
1.74
 
1.91
 
2 233
 
2 453
 
2.26
 
1.73
 
Australia
2 562
 
2 954
 
1.19
 
1.39
 
14
 
14
 
5.14
 
0.00
 
1 641
 
1 892
 
2.47
 
2.31
 
New Zealand
663
 
648
 
0.42
 
0.01
 
12
 
10
 
9.32
 
0.00
 
589
 
559
 
1.63
 
-0.01
 
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
29 543
 
32 196
 
-0.15
 
0.43
 
3 543
 
3 682
 
0.03
 
0.47
 
4 304
 
4 794
 
2.52
 
1.16
 
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
38 943
 
47 096
 
1.30
 
1.56
 
5 180
 
6 711
 
6.73
 
2.29
 
4 730
 
6 059
 
3.74
 
1.73
 
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC)
3 025
 
3 859
 
1.67
 
2.49
 
135
 
271
 
-2.06
 
7.14
 
2
 
1
 
4.78
 
-2.03
 
OECD 2
27 731
 
30 554
 
0.07
 
0.39
 
3 691
 
4 081
 
2.12
 
0.84
 
4 286
 
4 810
 
2.84
 
1.10
 
BRICS
21 627
 
25 780
 
1.21
 
1.43
 
1 205
 
1 398
 
3.98
 
1.13
 
3 192
 
4 173
 
5.03
 
2.07
 
..
Not available
Note: Calendar year; except year ending 30 September for New Zealand.
Average 2015-17est: Data for 2017 are estimated.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to mainland only. The economies of Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) are included in the Asia aggregate.
2.
Excludes Iceland but includes all EU28 member countries.
3.
Gross indigenous production.
4.
Least-squares growth rate (see glossary).
5.
Excludes trade of live animals.
Source: OECD/FAO (2018), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

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