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OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

image of OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment as it uses on average over 40% of water and land resources in OECD countries. The impacts occur on and off farm, including both pollution and degradation of soil, water and air. But agriculture also supplies ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, provides a sink for greenhouse gases, and contributes to flood control and the aesthetic value of landscapes.

This compendium updates the data issued in Environmental Performance of Agriculture at a Glance and provides comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990, covering soil, water, air and biodiversity and looking at recent policy developments in all 34 OECD countries.

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Policy and market drivers impacting on the recent and future environmental performance of agriculture

This chapter provides an overview of the role of agriculture in the economy and the environment, underlying the significant position of agriculture with respect to the environment. It also examines policy and market drivers affecting recent trends in the environmental performance of agriculture, such as the changes in the overall level and composition of support to farmers, developments in agri-environmental policies and trends in agricultural commodity prices. Finally, the chapter presents an outlook for the environmental performances of agriculture in relation to projected changes in agricultural commodity prices and production, and identifies developments that may help lower the pressure of agriculture on the environment and encourage the development of environmental benefits associated with agriculture.

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