1887

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020-2029

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020-2029

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020-2029 is a collaborative effort of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development (OECD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, incorporating expertise from collaborating member countries and international commodity organisations. It provides market projections for national, regional and global supply and demand of major agricultural commodities, biofuel and fish.

During the preparation of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020-2029, the exact effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on agricultural markets were still largely unknown and they were therefore not incorporated in the baseline projections. Nevertheless, the Outlook aims to outline the channels of transmission of COVID-19 impacts on the various food and agriculture sectors.

Supplementary information can be found at www.agri-outlook.org.

English Spanish, French, Chinese

From Chapter: Statistical annex
.

Table C.42 - Main policy assumptions for biofuel markets

English French

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020-2029 - © OECD 2020

‌C.42Main policy assumptions for biofuel markets
C.42Main policy assumptions for biofuel markets
‌‌
‌‌
‌2019est‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
‌2022‌
‌2023‌
‌2024‌
‌2025‌
‌2026‌
‌2027‌
‌2028‌
‌2029‌
ARGENTINA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Export tax
%
15.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
8.0
 
BRAZIL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import tariff
%
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Incorporation mandate 3
%
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
27.0
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax concessions 4
BRL/hl
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Import tariff
%
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
CANADA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Incorporation mandate 3
%
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Incorporation mandate 3
%
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
COLOMBIA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import tariff
%
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
Blending target 2,5
%
9.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blending target 2
%
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
EUROPEAN UNION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Biofuel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Energy share in fuel consumption 6
%
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.9
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.5
 
8.7
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
9.4
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax concessions 4
EUR/hl
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
Import tariff
EUR/hl
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
19.2
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax concessions 4
EUR/hl
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
11.9
 
Import tariff
%
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
INDIA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import tariff
%
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
30.0
 
Share of biofuel mandates in total fuel consumption
%
5.0
 
5.7
 
6.4
 
7.3
 
8.3
 
9.4
 
10.7
 
12.1
 
13.7
 
15.5
 
17.6
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import tariff
%
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
7.5
 
Share of biofuel mandates in total fuel consumption
%
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
5.0
 
INDONESIA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blending target 2
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
MALAYSIA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blending target 2
%
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
THAILAND
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blending target 2
%
13.5
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blending target 2
%
6.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
UNITED STATES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Renewable Fuel Standard 7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
mln L
75 405
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
76 049
 
advanced mandate
mln L
18 624
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
19 268
 
cellulosic ethanol
mln L
1 582
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
2 233
 
Ethanol
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import surcharge
USD/hl
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
Import tariff (undenatured)
%
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
2.40
 
Import tariff (denatured)
%
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
1.90
 
Blender tax credit
USD/hl
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
Biodiesel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Import tariff
%
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
4.60
 
Blender tax credit
USD/hl
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
0.00
 
..
Not available
Note: 2019est: Data for 2019 are estimated.For many countries, shares for ethanol and biodiesel are not individually specified in the legislation.Figures are based on a combination of the EU mandate in the context of the Renewable Energy Directive and the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAP) in the EU member states.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Refers to all current European Union member States (excludes the United Kingdom)
2.
Expressed in volume share.
3.
Share in respective fuel type, in volume.
4.
Difference between tax rates applying to fossil and biogen fuels.
5.
Applies to cities with more than 500 000 inhabitants.
6.
According to the current Renewable energy Directive 2009/28/EC, the energy content of biofuel other than first-generation biofuels counts twice towards meeting the target. It is assumed that other sources than biofuel will help filling the 10% transport energy target.
7.
The total, advanced and cellulosic mandates are not at the levels defined in EISA. Details can be found in the policy assumptions section of the biofuel chapter.
Source: OECD/FAO (2020), “OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database).dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error