Issues in Agricultural Trade Policy

Proceedings of the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Agriculture

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This book brings together a collection of papers prepared for the Global Forum on Agriculture that took place at the OECD in December 2014. It reviews current knowledge about agricultural policy and agricultural trade policy settings, and questions its pertinence in light of the profound market and structural changes that have been taking place in the global agro-food sector in recent decades. It aims to inform and assist policy-makers and negotiators as they seek to overcome the problems that have made the agricultural pillar of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations particularly difficult. The data and analysis presented cover OECD countries and major G20 and emerging economies that account for the great bulk of global food production, consumption and trade.



Are past OECD analyses of agricultural policy reforms relevant to current policy and market settings?

This chapter looks at how the conditions and policies for global agriculture have changed since the major international agreements of 2008, how work done in OECD up to 2008 may be relevant to current negotiations, and where new analyses may be needed. Section 2 looks at developments in international markets for agricultural products. The evolution of the policy landscape is considered in Section 3, as well as how it relates to commitments under the Agreement on Agriculture and potential future commitments along the lines agreed in 2008 for the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). Section 4 reviews relevant OECD work on market and trade impacts of agricultural policies, while implications for achieving optimal policy performance are briefly summarised in Section 5. Some possible implications for the post-Bali negotiations on agriculture are suggested in Section 6. A few issues that might benefit from future analysis are proposed in Section 7.


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