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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

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Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.

 

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Overview of the food and agriculture situation in Turkey

This chapter outlines the overall economic, social and environmental context in which the food and agriculture sector in Turkey operates, and the natural resource base upon which it relies. It begins with a discussion of the challenges and opportunities for agriculture and the food complex. It then provides the general natural and economic characteristics; shows the importance of the agricultural sector in the economy; outlines the main structural characteristics of agriculture and the food sector; and analyses the main trends in agricultural productivity and sustainability.

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