Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

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Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.





Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey is part of the OECD Food and Agricultural Reviews series. This review was prepared in close cooperation with Turkish Government. It examines the policy conditions for businesses in Turkey to undertake innovation for the food and agriculture sector to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. The report begins with an overview of the food and agriculture sector and outlines its development challenges and opportunities (Chapter 2). A wide range of policies which influence incentives for innovation are then examined: economic stability and a favourable and predictable environment for investment (Chapter 3); capacities and public services enabling business development (Chapter 4); agricultural policy (Chapter 5), and the operation of the agricultural innovation system (Chapter 6). Chapter 1 summarises these findings and provides policy recommendations.


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