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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

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Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.

 

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Agricultural innovation system in Turkey

This chapter examines how the Turkish agricultural innovation system functions. It looks at the role of the different actors, the governance mechanisms to define priorities and evaluate performance, trends in agricultural R&D expenditure and sources of funding, and how intellectual property protection fosters knowledge markets. It also outlines the institutional arrangements to facilitate knowledge transfer and outlines the efforts undertaken to strengthen international R&D co-operation. Finally, this chapter provides evidence on the performance of the agricultural innovation system, including R&D outputs.

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