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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in the United States

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in the United States

The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment  and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.

 

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Overview of the food and agricultural situation in the United States

This chapter outlines the main challenges and opportunities for the US food and agriculture sector, and the drivers of its performance, including innovation. It outlines the contribution of the sector to the economy, and the natural resource base upon which it relies. It identifies the main structural characteristics of primary agricultural and upstream and downstream industries; describes the main food and agriculture outputs and markets; reviews trends in farm and household income performance; and analyses developments in agricultural productivity and sustainability, and their main drivers: innovation, natural resources, climate change, and structural change – which in turn are influenced by a range of policies.

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