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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

In Japan, agriculture has been treated differently from other parts of the national economy. However, policy needs to evolve with new agricultural structures and the global trend towards more integrated value chains, enabling innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture, and imposing a greater environmental responsibility on producers. Modern agriculture is a technology- and data-intensive industry, and Japan is well-positioned to introduce its competitive technology and skills to agriculture through building more collaborative agricultural innovation system.

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General policy environment for food and agriculture in Japan

In Japan, agriculture has been treated differently from the rest of the economy based on the implicit assumption that small-scale family farms needed government support as they were disadvantaged within the economy as a whole. The evolution of the agricultural structure has shifted this policy paradigm towards developing policy and market environments that are more conducive to innovation and entrepreneurship. This chapter reviews how the general policy environment could be yet more conducive to innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture, and more coherent with sustainability policy objectives.

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