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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

In Japan, agriculture has been treated differently from other parts of the national economy. However, policy needs to evolve with new agricultural structures and the global trend towards more integrated value chains, enabling innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture, and imposing a greater environmental responsibility on producers. Modern agriculture is a technology- and data-intensive industry, and Japan is well-positioned to introduce its competitive technology and skills to agriculture through building more collaborative agricultural innovation system.

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Agricultural innovation systems in Japan

Innovation policy is moving beyond supply-driven approaches that focus on R&D and specific technologies to a network-based setting, in which a more inclusive, interactive, and participatory approach fosters greater innovation in response to pressing challenges facing the food and agriculture systems. This chapter describes the agricultural innovation system in Japan and outlines the recent changes it has undergone. It provides an overview of the general innovation system, presents agricultural innovation actors and governance of the innovation system, outlines changes in roles and themes of R&D, and presents the main policy instruments and monitoring efforts. It then reviews the main trends in public and private investments in R&D, the funding mechanism, as well as the means used to foster knowledge markets and networks.

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