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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.

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Investment in the Canadian food and agriculture system

This chapter presents an overview of Canadian regulations governing entrepreneurship, access to natural resources and products and processes and discusses the extent to which they affect the adoption of innovative practices and the introduction of new products in the country. It also discusses Canadian policies related to trade, investment, finance and taxation and their impact on the capacity of farms and agri-food firms to invest and take advantage of market opportunities.

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