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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.

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Economic stability and trust in institutions in Canada

This chapter outlines the importance of economic stability and public institutions in fostering public and private investment. It provides an overview of the performance of the overall economy, outlines macroeconomic developments and challenges, explains the federalprovincial governance system, and presents an evaluation of public institutions.

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