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Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

image of Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.

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Canadian agricultural policy: Structural change, sustainability and innovation

This chapter provides an overview of domestic and trade agricultural measures, outlining those supporting investment, the adoption of innovation or environmental practices, and the development of bio-products. It also reports trends on the level and composition of support and discusses the likely impacts of agricultural policy measures on structural change, environmental performance and innovation in the sector.

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