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Green Growth Indicators for Agriculture

A Preliminary Assessment

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An integral component of any green growth strategy is a highly-reliable set of measurement tools and indicators that would enable policy makers to evaluate how effective policies are, and to gauge the progress being achieved in shifting economic activity onto a greener path. These tools and indicators, which will need to be based on internationally comparable data, must also be embedded in a conceptual framework and selected according to a clearly-specified set of criteria.

This report is a first step towards developing a framework to monitor progress on green growth in the agricultural sector in OECD countries. The goal is to identify relevant, succinct and measurable statistics to implement the OECD Green Growth Strategy Measurement Framework which provides a common basis for further developing green growth indicators in the agricultural sector in OECD countries.

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Monitoring the environmental efficiency and natural resource productivity of agriculture

Tracking trends in decoupling inputs to production from economic growth is an important issue for monitoring progress towards green growth. Indicators included in this chapter attempt to capture the extent to which economic growth is becoming greener, that is, lowcarbon and resource-efficient. The indicators presented pertain to: i) carbon and energy productivity, which characterises, among other things, interactions with the climate system and the global carbon cycle as well as the environmental and economic efficiency with which energy resources are used in agricultural production; ii) resource productivity, which characterises the environmental and economic efficiency with which natural resources such as water and nutrients are used in production; and iii) environmentally adjusted total factor productivity in order to give a more complete picture of the productivity of an economy by accounting for inputs from natural resources and for the generation of pollution.

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