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Food and Agriculture

image of Food and Agriculture

As part of the OECD Green Growth Strategy, this new series aims to provide in-depth reviews of the green growth issues faced by different sectors. The agriculture and fisheries sectors have an important role to play in contributing to greener growth, in particular through facilitating the uptake of green technologies and management practices and reducing waste in the food chain. This will involve a range of policies, including: the reform of environmentally harmful subsidies that distort efficient resource use; freer international trade; shifting towards targeted policies that will support poor and vulnerable farmers; rewarding the provision of ecosystem services; and encouraging R&D, technologies and management practices that improve the productivity of resource use. Framing appropriate “greening” policies is also a major governance issue which requires examining the incentives and disincentives generated by policies, as well as the regulatory and institutional framework more broadly.

 

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Measuring progress towards green growth in food and agriculture

A green growth strategy needs measurement tools to help policy makers evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of their policies and the extent to which they are shifting economic activity onto a greener path. It is necessary to identify measurable green growth policy targets related to food production and consumption, economic efficiency, resource use, environmental impact, and social welfare. There is a need to develop indicators for the food and agriculture sector that together can track progress towards green growth.

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