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Food and Agriculture

image of Food and Agriculture

As part of the OECD Green Growth Strategy, this new series aims to provide in-depth reviews of the green growth issues faced by different sectors. The agriculture and fisheries sectors have an important role to play in contributing to greener growth, in particular through facilitating the uptake of green technologies and management practices and reducing waste in the food chain. This will involve a range of policies, including: the reform of environmentally harmful subsidies that distort efficient resource use; freer international trade; shifting towards targeted policies that will support poor and vulnerable farmers; rewarding the provision of ecosystem services; and encouraging R&D, technologies and management practices that improve the productivity of resource use. Framing appropriate “greening” policies is also a major governance issue which requires examining the incentives and disincentives generated by policies, as well as the regulatory and institutional framework more broadly.

 

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Future challenges and opportunities

The challenges facing agriculture are complex. Global issues such as food insecurity, climate change, water availability, biodiversity and associated ecosystem service loss need to be addressed simultaneously. Innovation in food and agriculture is a key element in meeting those challenges. Increased productivity needs to balance immediate demands for feeding the world against future concerns for environmental sustainability.

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