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Farm Management Practices to Foster Green Growth

image of Farm Management Practices to Foster Green Growth

This report looks at farm management practices with green growth potential, from farmer-led innovations (such as those directly linked to soil and water, Integrated Pest Management, organic farming) to science-led technologies (such as biotechnology and precision agriculture). Global food demand can only be met in a sustainable way if new forms of agricultural production and innovative technologies can be unlocked to increase the productivity, stability, and resilience of production systems with goals beyond just raising yields, including saving water and energy, reducing risk, improving product quality, protecting the environment and climate change mitigation.

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The role of soil and water conservation in the transition to green growth

This chapter examines soil and water farm management practices and their impact on resource productivity and efficiency. Soil-related problems are interlinked and there is generally no single solution, but rather a wide range of solutions that address multifaceted soil problems. The attempt to institutionalise these solutions and address nation-wide soil problems, however, has led many countries to adopt mandatory soil conservation policies that are often linked to their agricultural policies and support payments. Several land management practices as they affect water conservation are also considered. The practices examined include the preparation of fields for efficient irrigation and management of excess water, on-farm water delivery systems and the application of irrigation practices, irrigation water use management, and protecting water from non-point source pollution and sedimentation. The empirical challenges of assessing these impacts on productivity, efficiency and innovation are discussed.

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