Evaluation of Agricultural Policy Reforms in Turkey

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Turkey is an important producer and exporter of agricultural commodities on world markets and is estimated to be the world’s 7th-largest agricultural producer. Although the economic importance of agricultural sector relative to the industrial and service sectors has been declining, agriculture still remains a key part of Turkey’s society, employing about one quarter of the workforce and generating most of income and employment in rural areas.

Agricultural policies in Turkey have evolved significantly over time and the new Agricultural Law agreed in 2006 aims to align Turkey’s agricultural policies with those of the European Union. The main purpose of the study is to evaluate recent policy developments in the context of a broader review of policy developments since the implementation of the Agricultural Reform Implementation Project (ARIP) in 2001. This study also discusses several emerging issues and challenges for Turkish agricultural policies, and offers key policy recommendations.

English Also available in: French

Future Directions for Agricultural Policies in Turkey

In this chapter Turkey’s agricultural policies are evaluated in relation to the principles and operational criteria of transparency, targeting, tailoring, flexibility and equity, which were agreed by OECD Agricultural Ministers in 1998 for the evaluation of reform efforts in OECD countries. These evaluation criteria were designed to promote an economically healthy sector that contributes to a wider economy, respects natural resources, and uses inputs effectively without recourse to production- and tradedistorting support. This chapter identifies some issues and emerging challenges for policy and concludes by providing some key policy recommendations.

English Also available in: French

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