Evaluation of Agricultural Policy Reforms in Turkey

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Turkey is an important producer and exporter of agricultural commodities on world markets and is estimated to be the world’s 7th-largest agricultural producer. Although the economic importance of agricultural sector relative to the industrial and service sectors has been declining, agriculture still remains a key part of Turkey’s society, employing about one quarter of the workforce and generating most of income and employment in rural areas.

Agricultural policies in Turkey have evolved significantly over time and the new Agricultural Law agreed in 2006 aims to align Turkey’s agricultural policies with those of the European Union. The main purpose of the study is to evaluate recent policy developments in the context of a broader review of policy developments since the implementation of the Agricultural Reform Implementation Project (ARIP) in 2001. This study also discusses several emerging issues and challenges for Turkish agricultural policies, and offers key policy recommendations.

English Also available in: French

Executive Summary

Turkey, a middle-income country, with a growing population of approximately 73.7 million, is one of the world’s 20 largest economies. Since 2001 the country has been undergoing a significant socio-economic transformation and is being re-shaped by an economy-wide agenda of policy reform. As a result of the economic reforms, the Turkish economy experienced an average annual growth rate of more than 7% over 2002-07 - a record among OECD countries - and demonstrated remarkable resilience in weathering the 2008-09 global economic crisis.

English Also available in: French

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