Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies

Selected Methodological Issues and Case Studies

image of Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies
Governments are increasingly aware of the importance of monitoring and evaluating their policies − including agri-environmental policies − and are devoting efforts to strengthening their monitoring and evaluation systems and capacities. They aim to improve their performance by establishing evidence-based policy-making, evidence-based management and evidence-based accountability, which will help to improve the design and implementation of policies. Have agri-environmental and agricultural policies, including cross-compliance  and environmental regulations, succeeded in meeting environmental objectives for agriculture in OECD countries (and selected non-OECD countries)? What is the role for governments to encourage farmers to deliver environmental public goods? The report includes a selection papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies, held 20-22 June 2011 in Braunschweig, Germany.



Socio-political conditions for successful water quality trading in the South Nation River Watershed, Canada

Ontario’s South Nation River watershed has a regulated water quality trading programme. Legally, wastewater dischargers must not discharge any increased loading of phosphorus (P) into receiving waters. New wastewater systems are now choosing trading instead of traditional P removal technology, whereby point source dischargers buy P credits from rural landowners, primarily farmers. These credits are generated by constructing nonpoint source pollution control measures, and science-based formulae are used to calculate the credits of P removed by each measure. The chapter identifies the conditions necessary for the success of such a programme, drawing on ten years’ experience of this established scheme. An independent evaluation showed higher opinions of the programme had enhanced participants’ opinions of the broker and regulatory agency, and most farmers were willing to, or had already, recommended the programme to other farmers.


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