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Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies

Selected Methodological Issues and Case Studies

image of Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies
Governments are increasingly aware of the importance of monitoring and evaluating their policies − including agri-environmental policies − and are devoting efforts to strengthening their monitoring and evaluation systems and capacities. They aim to improve their performance by establishing evidence-based policy-making, evidence-based management and evidence-based accountability, which will help to improve the design and implementation of policies. Have agri-environmental and agricultural policies, including cross-compliance  and environmental regulations, succeeded in meeting environmental objectives for agriculture in OECD countries (and selected non-OECD countries)? What is the role for governments to encourage farmers to deliver environmental public goods? The report includes a selection papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies, held 20-22 June 2011 in Braunschweig, Germany.

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Design and implementation of agri-environmental policies: Are guidelines feasible?

This chapter explores the feasibility of framing guidelines for designing and implementing agri-environmental (AE) policies of general relevance across OECD countries. It discusses various aspects of the design and implementation sequence: definition of objectives, the importance of policy coherence, the role of the reference level, the types of empirical evidence needed for sound design, implementation and evaluation, the role of the reference level, targeting, implementation and ensuring compliance, policy evaluation, institutional capacity and financial administration. It argues that potentially useful, general guidance may be feasible regarding many aspects of the process, but that its scope and level of detail would not be the same for all interventions or all stages of policy design and implementation. Given the diversity of circumstances and AE policy experience in OECD countries, guidelines should be accompanied by specific illustrative examples.

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