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Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies

Selected Methodological Issues and Case Studies

image of Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies
Governments are increasingly aware of the importance of monitoring and evaluating their policies − including agri-environmental policies − and are devoting efforts to strengthening their monitoring and evaluation systems and capacities. They aim to improve their performance by establishing evidence-based policy-making, evidence-based management and evidence-based accountability, which will help to improve the design and implementation of policies. Have agri-environmental and agricultural policies, including cross-compliance  and environmental regulations, succeeded in meeting environmental objectives for agriculture in OECD countries (and selected non-OECD countries)? What is the role for governments to encourage farmers to deliver environmental public goods? The report includes a selection papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies, held 20-22 June 2011 in Braunschweig, Germany.

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Application of the Agri-Environmental Footprint Index to assess agri-environmental policies in Greece

The Agri-environmental Footprint Index (AFI) aims to assess the environmental performance of farms under agri-environmental schemes (AESs) by combining existing agri-environmental indicators and multi-criterion decision analysis. A variant of the AFI approach, developed to address AESs in Greece, was applied to two different farming systems under AES regimes (organic farming in extensive olive groves and nitrate pollution reduction in intensive arable crop cultivation), to compare the environmental performance of participating and nonparticipating farms. No significant differences in environmental performance between the two groups of farms were found. Moreover, the AESs in both cases appear to lack full additionality. When AES outcomes are assessed against the environmental objectives pursued, outcomes are in line with the policy aims in the case of organic farming, whereas for the arable farms, any benefits accruing seem to be mainly collateral.

English

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