Evaluating Agri-environmental Policies

Design, Practice and Results

image of Evaluating Agri-environmental Policies

These conference proceedings present a series of evaluations of agri-environmental policies in OECD countries.  They examine how effective the policies have been in achieving objectives and what policy makers have learned about the design and implementation of their policies. 

These proceedings show that different methods of policy evaluation are complementary. Most countries focus on evaluating the environmental effectiveness rather than the economic efficiency of policies, using physical indicators rather than monetary values. Many policies are achieving their environmental objectives, but are taking longer than originally anticipated. The initiative being taken in many countries to incorporate monitoring and data collection into programme design and implementation is a positive development.  But a number of steps need to be taken to improve the quality of evaluations, including the better articulation of policy goals and objectives, improving data quality and establishing baselines for comparison.



Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies in Japan

This paper provides an overview of the evaluation methodology which is applied to all agriculture, forestry and fisheries policies in Japan, with specific reference to agri-environmental policies. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) establishes policy evaluation target indicators and their values for each policy area. For example, for the policy area “environment protection measures in crop production”, the two target indicators “maintenance of organic matter use” and “reduction of chemical fertiliser use” have been adopted. The target indicators cover the outcome of various policy measures including regulatory measures, economic measures, information provision and voluntary measures. MAFF has also a policy evaluation framework for each policy measure.


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