1887

Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

image of Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

English French

.

OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Switzerland

Agriculture is a small and contracting sector in the economy, with its contribution to GDP and employment at about 1% and 4% respectively [1, 2] (Figure 3.27.1). Both the volume and value of agricultural production decreased over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04, by around 4% and 30% respectively [3]. Farm labour productivity rose by 1.4% per annum between 1990 and 2004 [3]. The intensity of agricultural production is diminishing, with farm input use falling more sharply than the reduction in the volume of agricultural production (over 4%) and the area farmed (–3%) over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04 (Figure 3.27.2). As a result, agricultural production has become more extensive. From 1990-92 to 2002-04 inorganic fertiliser use fell by over 20% for nitrogen fertiliser and 60% for phosphate fertiliser, pesticide use fell by almost 30%, and direct on-farm energy consumption by nearly 30% (Figure 3.27.2). Farmland accounts for about 37% of the total land area, of which around 25% is arable and permanent cropland, and much of the rest permanent pasture (2002-04). About 60% is summer (mountain) pasture on altitudes up to 3 000 m [3]. With climate and topography favouring grazing, animal production (mainly cattle) account for nearly 70% of the value of final farm output [4].

English French

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error