Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

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In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: France

Agriculture is a significant player in the economy. Agri-food exports accounted for around 13% of total exports, and primary agriculture for nearly 3% of GDP and 3% of employment in 2003 (Figure 3.8.1). The volume of farm production increased slightly by 2% over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04, but purchased farm input use decreased for: pesticides (–10%), although was subject to considerable annual fluctuation; inorganic nitrogen fertilisers (–9%) and phosphate fertilisers (–46%); direct on-farm energy consumption (–9%), and the area farmed declined by nearly 3% (Figures 3.8.2, 3.8.3 and 3.8.4). France has four broad and highly diverse agro-ecosystems. Northern France is typified by large-scale farming, of both crops and livestock; the west and central regions are predominantly mixed farming regions with grassland and cropping; the south is typically characterised by farming methods influenced by the Mediterranean climate; and the Alpine regions combine mountain farming interspersed with semi-natural areas.

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