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Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

image of Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Denmark

The role of primary agriculture in the economy is small and declining, accounting for 2% of GDP and 3% of employment in 2004. About two-thirds of farm production is exported, of which over 60% goes to EU countries with agricultural commodities accounting for 11% of the total value of exports in 2004 [1, 2] (Figure 3.6.1). Over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04 the intensity of farming has diminished with the area farmed declining by nearly 5% and even larger reductions in purchased farm input use: inorganic nitrogen (–47%) and phosphorus (–61%) fertilisers; pesticides (–37%, 1990-92 to 2001-03); and on-farm direct energy consumption (– 24%) (Figure 3.6.2).

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