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Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

image of Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Czech Republic

The long term contraction of the agricultural sector continued over the period 1990 to 2004 [1]. The share of agriculture in GDP declined steadily from 7% in 1990 to just over 4% by 2004, while over the same period farming’s share in total employment fell from 10% to 3% [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] (Figure 3.5.1). These changes are reflected in the reduction of 10% in the volume of agricultural production (1993-95-2002-04), one of the largest decreases across OECD countries (Figure 3.5.2). While livestock numbers declined, continuing a longer term trend since 1990, over the more recent period from 2000 to 2005 arable crop production has risen slightly, especially for cereals, oilseeds and sugar beet [6].

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