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Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

image of Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Belgium

Agriculture’s contribution to the economy declined over the 1990s, and by 2004 accounted for less than 1% of GDP and represented about 2% of employment [1] (Figure 3.3.1). The overall volume of farm production decreased by around 1% over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04 (Figure 3.3.2), and since 2000 production has decreased most rapidly for livestock but less so for crops. While Walloon accounts for 55% of farmland it generates only half the agricultural value added of Flanders where two-thirds of the intensive farming holdings are situated [1].

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