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Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

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In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Australia

Growth in agricultural production is among the most rapid across the OECD, with the volume of production growing by 23% between 1990-92 to 2000-04 (Figure 3.1.2). However, partly due to deteriorating terms of trade, agriculture’s role in the economy has remained stable over the past 10 years with regard to its contribution to GDP. Agriculture is a vital sector in the Australian economy contributing about 4% to GDP, 4% to employment and accounting for around 25% of merchandise exports (2004) (Figure 3.1.1). Around two-thirds of agricultural production is exported. Australia exports 95% of wool produced, 65-75% of beef, sugar and wheat and 50-60% of sheep meat, wine and dairy [1].

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