Environment, Water Resources and Agricultural Policies

Lessons from China and OECD Countries

image of Environment, Water Resources and Agricultural Policies

China's endowment of water resources is extremely low, poorly distributed, and increasingly polluted.  With agriculture being one of the main consumers of water, China's future development depends on initiatives that will raise the efficiency and efficacy of water use.  These workshop proceedings examine the current situation in China, look at what is being done in OECD countries to manage water resources, and suggest policy options for China.



The Dutch Approach to Water Quality Problems Related to Fertilisation and Crop Protection

Intensive development of Dutch agriculture between 1950-1985 was coupled with an increased loading of the environment with nutrients and crop protection products. Since 1985, the soil surplus of phosphate and nitrogen has been reduced from 103 to 40 kg P2O5/ha/yr and from 265 to 145 kg N/ha/yr respectively. The use of crop protection products declined from 21 to 10 kg/ha/yr of active substances. The current environmental standards on water quality will be attained by around 2015, thirty years after the reduction policy was begun.


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